Bavinck writes of Darwin:
Darwin was led to his agnostic naturalism as much by the misery which he observed in the world as by the facts which scientific investigation brought under his notice. There was too much strife and injustice in the world for him to believe in providence and a predetermined goal. A world so full of cruelty and pain he could not reconcile with the omniscience, the omnipotence, the goodness of God. An innocent and good man stands under a tree and is struck by lightning. “Do you believe,” asks Darwin of his friend Gray, “that God slew this man on purpose? Many or most people believe this; I cannot and will not believe it.” The discovery of the so-called law of “natural selection” brought him accordingly a real feeling of relief, for by it he escaped the necessity of assuming a conscious plan and purpose in creation. Whether God existed or not, in either case he was blameless. The immutable laws of nature, imperfect in all their operations, bore the blame for everything, while at the same time guaranteeing that the world is not a product of chance and is progressing as a whole towards a better condition.
I started reading The Hidden Reality by Brian Greene. It covers quantum mechanics and our universe. He writes:
Maybe…the familiar notion that any given experiment has one and only one outcome is flawed. The mathematics underlying quantum mechanics -or at least, one perspective on the math- suggests that all possible outcome happen, each inhabiting its own separate universe. If a quantum calculation predicts that a particle might be here, or it might be there, then in one universe it is here, and in another it is there. And in each such universe, there’s a copy of you witnessing one or the other outcome, thinking – incorrectly – that your reality is the only reality. When you realize that quantum mechanics underlies all physical processes, from the fusing of atoms in the sun to the neural firings that constitutes the stuff of thought, the far-reaching implications of the proposal become apparent. It says that there’s no such thing as a road untraveled. Yet each such road – each reality – is hidden from all others.
Now I am way out of my depth talking about such things, but being mildly Van Tillian, I have to approach this all from the Christian point of view, and that suggests that there cannot be other actual instantiations of me, you and most of all, Jesus, in an infinity of multiverses. I suppose all of these other universes could exist as counterfactuals based on our choices, matter in motion, and so on, but I wonder if they aren’t just possibilities that exist in the infinite mind of God? I don’t mean to identify the universe with His mind, so I don’t know how that would hold up to scrutiny either. I guess I am interested in how quantum theory and classical Christian theism can co-exist peacefully? I note articles that I need to read here, here and here.